Despite the sweltering heat in the last couple months, and the impending torrential rains of monsoon, there is a lot going on at Calcutta Kids this summer. In the midst of all the new activities, in mid-May, Calcutta Kids received the wonderful news that we will be receiving a small grant to set up a child development corner in our new community center, from the J. Kirby Simon Foreign Service Trust. We are very excited about this prospect, because a child development corner will allow us to provide a more holistic approach to child growth and development within the larger young child health initiative. In the past six years, we have made remarkable improvements in the nutrition and growth of young children in Fakir Bagan. The average birth weight has increased from a dismal 1.8 kg in 2005 to 2.8 kg in 2011. Indicators of children’s nutritional status have improved greatly– in the past three years, the severe malnutrition rate has fallen by more than half, from 12.3% to 5.5%. However, there is still a lot to do to ensure that children in this urban poor community are able to achieve optimum development.
Calcutta Kids became conscious that in Fakir Bagan slum as in most urban poor settings, young children have little or no access to play and stimulation. There are no playgrounds for children, and although there is a maidan (field) nearby, it is frequented by older children and teens, and usually only boys. Young children (under 3 years old) are often seen sitting passively on a cot or in the doorway, while their mothers are doing domestic work such as cleaning, cooking, fetching water, or part-time factory work such as sewing garments or making zippers. In homes, families rarely have any toys available for the young children, a luxury that many cannot afford.
Play is essential to development because it contributes to the physical, cognitive, social, and emotional well-being of children. In fact, play is so important to optimal child development that it has been recognized by the United Nations High Commission for Human Rights as a right of every child. In this light, Calcutta Kids appreciates the need to create a child development component to ensure this basic right, with the goal of improved cognitive growth and overall development for all our young children in Fakir Bagan.
The child development corner in the community center will be a safe, clean, and stimulating environment for young children to simply play – to create and explore the world with toys, with other children, and with their caregivers. The project will also facilitate parents’ and caregivers’ understanding of the importance of play and stimulation in child development. It is anticipated that this type of play will provide the needed stimulation that will help very young children with both gross and fine motor skills that will allow them to reach appropriate developmental milestones, develop new competencies, and improve cognitive development. It is hoped that this unique early childhood stimulation project will serve as a model for other NGOs in Kolkata who are working in child health in the urban slums.
Stay tuned for more updates on the child development corner which should be fully established by early 2013. –Danya Sarkar